It is important to eat healthy and drink plenty of fluids. You do not need to consume extra food, but do not diet during pregnancy. The nausea/vomiting in the early stages of pregnancy can cause you to lose a few kilos, but that is nothing to worry about. Women will gain an average of 12 kg during their pregnancy; some may gain more, some less.
Take folic acid during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy (400 micrograms every day). Start with folic acid at least 4 weeks before conception. Don’t worry if you didn’t think of that. Just start as soon as possible then. We also advise you to take vitamin D (10 micrograms every day) supplements daily throughout the whole pregnancy and also when you’re breastfeeding. Both vitamins can be obtained at the pharmacy or drugstore.
During pregnancy it is important to avoid the use of certain products:
Be careful with uncooked food, this may contain bacteria which can harm you or your baby.
Do not eat liver.
Moderate your intake of coffee (black), tea, cola and energy drinks. They contain caffeine which can harm the baby.
For more information about healthy nutrition and pregnancy, please visit: www.voedingscentrum.nl
Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Do not drink alcohol when you are pregnant, as this is bad for your baby. Even the occasional glass can be harmful. The alcohol affects the formation of organs; sometimes it restricts the growth of the baby or causes a premature birth. It can also cause your child to develop learning difficulties and have trouble with concentration.
More information can be found at: www.alcoholinfo.nl
Smoking is bad for your baby as the toxins in your blood from the cigarette will reach the blood of your baby. This will limit the nutrients and oxygen needed for your baby’s development. It may also cause other (for the baby life-threatening) complications in pregnancy. Also cot/crib deaths are more common if pregnant women smoke, or if smoking takes place near the baby. Even passive smoking is unhealthy. Ask smokers near you to go outside.
More information can be found on the Trimbos website. Always tell us if you are a smoker, we can then see if there is anything we can do to help you quit or perform additional checks during your pregnancy.
Never use drugs during pregnancy. The use of drugs (even marijuana) is very dangerous for your child. Please tell us if you use drugs, we can then see if there is anything we can do to help you quit. It is very important that you tell us if you use drugs, we will then perform additional checks during your pregnancy. In case of hard drugs, the baby should be weaned off after birth.
If you are pregnant and use medication, talk with your doctor or pharmacist about whether you can continue to use these. Tell your doctor or pharmacist that you are pregnant; they can then recommend which drugs are most appropriate.
Paracetamol can be taken during pregnancy. But do not increase the dose as stated in the patient information leaflet. Which means no more than 6 tablets (500 mg each) every 24 hours. Aspirin and ibuprofen cannot be used during pregnancy.
It is very important to look after your teeth and gums during pregnancy. Visits to the dentist are allowed during pregnancy; just tell the dentist that you are pregnant. Local anaesthetic are not harmful either. Dentists don’t usually take x-rays during pregnancy unless there is no other option.